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There are many different kinds of learning outcomes.

We can all identify them in our every day lives.  Being clear about them is essential for high quality education, training, and personal development.

Here are some of the different (but overlapping) outcomes.  Together with an overview of some of the many processes for getting there.

Gathering information

Information can be gathered intentionally or indirectly. There can be a systematic, focused search, based on some clear thinking. And stuff can be "picked up" in the course of casual conversation, grazing the web, doing things.

Developing deep understanding

Deep understanding begins by tolerating ambiguity and confusion. It needs sustained, rigorous thinking. The learner needs to deal with questions from teachers and others. And above all, the learner needs to pursue something of personal interest and have opportunities to ask his or her own questions.

Getting a feel for things

When we get a feel for an idea or skill or body of knowledge, that means we can now see the world in new ways. These are called new perceptual lenses. To develop those lenses, we have to have enough real world experience, and reflect on that experience.

Understanding others

In order to genuinely understand others we need to develop the art of deep listening so that we really hear them. And then find opportunities to "walk in their shoes" It's easier to understand another perspective when we have actually experienced it.

Having creative insights

Generating creative insights begins with a state of mind - one of being confident, playful and welcoming the "mistakes" that are an essential part of all experimenting. It could be called "childlike", except that practical creativity is grounded in basic competence, in the same way that jazz and improv require a solid musical and theatrical grounding.

Self awareness

The key to self-awareness is the ability to notice our own reactions - without judging them. Those who succeed in any type of therapy can "look" at themselves. Often self awareness comes with the support, guidance and feedback from others. In the long run it helps to build up a general capacity for mindfulness that comes with sustained meditation of different kinds.

Becoming expert

One key to becoming expert is thousands of hours of mindful practice, accompanied by feedback and reflection - in the moment and afterwards. Mindful practice is radically different from rote memorization. It is also important to vary the practice - to play and experiment from time to time.

Broad cognitive horizons

Broad cognitive horizons are the key to seeing interconnectedness and assimilating large amounts of information. The key is to acquire a larger frame of reference, such as systems thinking, that naturally provides ways for thinking about how things are related. We use a "hidden" curriculum based on principles of connectedness. An example: "The whole is greater than the sum of the parts." This applies to every skill and knowledge domain.

There are more learning outcomes. They overlap and interconnect. That means that the various practices and processes also overlap and interconnect. The clearer we are about these, the easier it is to see what needs to be done to generate the various outcomes. And then to work on creating the conditions that makes the outcomes possible.